對“細密畫”的背叛亦或拯救——從《我的名字叫紅》看文明沖突下的陣痛
文檔分類: 語言文學 文檔上傳會員:桜花祭 上傳時間:2017-12-18
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Abstract
The Turkish writer Orhan Pamuk concerns about the relationship between vulnerable civilization and dominant western civilization. He tries to seek a way out for vulnerable civilization. In his masterpiece My name is Red, Pamuk rejects the absolute “nationalism” and “Westernization”, showing a preference for cultural hybrid. However, cultural conflict always has its complex economic, political and historic factors. The ideal cultural hybrid is not easy to reach in modern Turkey. According to the novel and Turkish current situation, this thesis believes that westernization and secularization is Turkey's better choice to get economic and political stability, and thus achieving its modernization.
Keywords     My Name is Red  cultural hybrid  westernization  secularization

土耳其作家奧爾罕?帕慕克關注弱勢文明和西方強勢文明的關系,并尋求弱勢文明的出路。在其代表作《我的名字叫紅》中帕慕克以古喻今,以土耳其傳統細密畫和西方透視畫、肖像畫間的沖突為切入點,描繪了16世紀弱勢的土耳其文明和西方文明間的沖突,并借人物“橄欖”否決了絕對的“民族主義”和“西化主義”,顯示了文化雜合的理念主張。然而文化沖擊的背后都帶有經濟政治和歷史因素,在現代,土耳其文化雜合的理想并不易達到。本文根據小說并結合土耳其現狀,認為當前土耳其更應選擇西方化和世俗化,才能獲得經濟和政治的穩定,實現現代化。
關鍵詞  《我的名字叫紅》  文化雜合  西方化 世俗化

The Turkish writer Orhan Pamuk ,“who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures”(Nobel Committee awards the word), won the 2006 Nobel Prize for Literature with his masterpiece My name Is Red . From the surface understanding, “My name is red” describes an annihilation of an art form - Turkish traditional miniature and the conflict between it and Western perspective painting and portrait painting in their painting styles. Behind elegant miniature paintings, however, the author sees the conflict between two cultures through the confusion and struggle in heart of those miniature painters of the empire. The two painting styles represent two very different cultures and beliefs. Faced with the strong Christian “pagan” culture, the Muslim Turkish people have made different responses respectively, which results in a series of differences and contradictions.

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