由《蠅王》分析病態世界中人性的畸變_英語文學論文
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摘要:

英國小說家威廉·戈爾丁的第一部小說《蠅王》于1954年出版,可以說是英國文學史上的一部巨作。《蠅王》創作的時代背景處于東西方激烈冷戰的時期,全球范圍內籠罩著核戰爭的陰影,許多人都對核武器與核戰爭給人類帶來的直接危害感到擔憂與驚恐, 《蠅王》的“人性惡”主題形成于這樣的背景之下。《蠅王》這部虛構的小說講述了在殘酷的戰爭中一架飛機被擊落,機上的一群英國男孩被拋棄在一座熱帶荒島上的故事。起初,孩子們在島上享受著沒有成年人的自由和諧生活。但是好景不長,隨著矛盾和野性的增長,孩子們失去了理智以致互相殘殺,最后變成了一群野蠻人。在病態世界中人性會發生畸變,但歸根結蒂,世界并未病態,病態的是人性。
本論文將通過《蠅王》這部小說,分析在遠離文明與法制的世界后,人性惡化畸變的過程及其原因,讓人們正視人性中的惡,接受并警醒人性中存在的惡,從而達到控制人性惡,防止災難再次發生。


關鍵詞:《蠅王》,人性惡,人性,畸變

Abstract:

?Lord of the Flies is the first novel of the English novelist William Golding. The novel was published in 1954 which could be evaluated as a masterpiece in the history of English literature. The writing background of this novel is situated in the period where The eastern world and western world were in the fierce cold war. The whole universe was covered a shadow of nuclear war. Many people were concerned and worried about the direct harm the nuclear weapons and nuclear war would bring to. It is in such condition the “evil humanity” of Lord of the Flies came into being. This fiction tells a story of a group of boys who are forced to land on a deserted tropical island after the plane they are taking is attacked in a cruel war. At the beginning the boys enjoy this beautiful island without adults, they live in harmony with each other, but before long the situation turns to be a disaster. With the contradictions and wildness increasing, the kids lose their sense and kill each other, and eventually they turn to be a bunch of savages. Humanity goes to evilness in a morbid world, but after all, the world is not morbid, what morbid is humanity.
?? Through this novel, the paper aims to analyze the process and reason of humanity deterioration, when men are away from the civilized and lawful world. Thus man can face the evilness of humanity and accept it, learning how to control it and prevent the disaster happen again.

Key words: Lord of the Flies, evilness, humanity, deterioration
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