《哈克貝利?芬恩歷險記》中岸上生活與河上生活的對比_英語文學論文
文檔分類: 語言文學 文檔上傳會員:Catnip 上傳時間:2017-11-27
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Abstract?????????????????????????????????????????????????

??? Mark Twain is one of the greatest authors in the 19th century. His works also represented the American Realism Literature. In his life, he created a great deal of works, among which The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is widely considered to be one of the most significant works of the western classics, and it is thus often included on the list of most influential or greatest books. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has won everlasting acclaim. Scholars at home and abroad have done a lot of researches on it, concerning its plot, characters and theme and its use of dialect, etc. .
?? There are many contrasts in this novel, especially the contrast between life on the bank and life on the river, through which the writer expresses his criticism of the civilized society and his longing for freedom. This paper consists of three parts. It firstly deals with a brief introduction of Mark Twain and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Then, it describes Huck’s life on the bank and Huck’s life on the river respectively, sums up the features of the two kinds of life and analyzes the effects that the two kinds of life have exerted on Huck. Finally, the paper states the significance of the contrast between life on the bank and life on the river.

Key words: contrast; life on the bank; life on the river; criticism; freedom
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摘? 要

馬克?吐溫是19世紀美國最偉大的作家之一,他的作品也是美國現實主義文學的代表。他一生創作頗豐,其中《哈克貝利?芬恩歷險記》被廣泛認為是西方經典最重要的作品之一,因此也常常被列為最具影響力和最偉大的作品之一。《哈克貝利?芬恩歷險記》經久不衰,引起國內外學者的關注與研究,包括對其情節,人物,主題及方言的運用等方面的研究。
在這部小說中,馬克?吐溫運用了大量的對比的創作手法,尤其是岸上生活與河上生活的對比,他借此來表達對虛偽的文明社會的批判態度以及對自由的向往。本文分為三個部分,首先,簡要介紹作家及作品。緊接著描述岸上生活及河上生活,并總結兩種生活各自的特點,及其分別對哈克造成的影響。最后一部分著重分析岸上生活與河上生活對比的意義。

關鍵詞: 對比;岸上生活;河上生活; 批判; 自由
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