《羅密歐與朱麗葉》中的奶媽和《西廂記》中的紅娘人物形象比較_英語文學論文
文檔分類: 語言文學 文檔上傳會員:檸檬脾氣 上傳時間:2017-11-27
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Abstract

Romeo and Juliet and Romance of The Western Chamber come from different culture and different time, reflecting different social backgrounds. Romeo and Juliet is one of the most representative works of English writer William Shakespeare. Shakespeare was known as a famous English playwright who was active during the Renaissance. Its theme was the humanism. Romeo and Juliet shows the humanistic spirit. Romeo comes from a feudal family, but he keeps up with the development of the times, rebels against his family and becomes a humanist. He has a heart of the universal love. He seeks for the free love and is unswerving in his loyalty. And at the same time, Juliet is just a 14-year-old lady, but she is brave and intelligent. She breaks every rule of her family and falls in love with Romeo.
Romance of The Western Chamber was a very famous Zaju of the Yuan Dynasty, which was known to the world as a masterpiece of Chinese writer Wang Shifu. Wang Shifu created mainly Zaju and Sanqu of the Yuan Dynasty. The theme of this drama is an attack on traditional mores, supporting young people in those days for freedom of marriage, although it follows an old plot of a gifted scholar and a beautiful lady falling in love at their first sight.
The two works have caused many scholars’ interest and research since they came out. For example, we can find lots of articles about the characters Romeo and Juliet and Yingying and Zhang Sheng. There are also a lot of researches on the theme of the two famous works.
This paper will make a contrastive analysis of two characters Nurse in Romeo and Juliet and Hongniang in Romance of The Western Chamber to find the similarities and differences between them.
The paper is divided into four parts:
?? The introduction gives a general introduction of the two famous writers’ works and a brief description of the materials and papers about the two dramas.
?? The second part talks about the social background of the two dramas.
?? The third part makes a contrastive analysis about the two characters to find the similarities and differences.
?? The forth part makes a conclusion about the study and further emphasizes the contrastive analysis of two dramas.

Keywords:Romeo and Juliet; Romance of The Western Chamber; contrastive study; quick-witness; talkativeness; loyalty; snobbishness

摘? 要

《羅密歐與朱麗葉》是英國作家威廉?莎士比亞的代表作。莎士比亞是一位活躍于文藝復興時期的著名的英國劇作家。而這一時期的主題是人文主義。《羅密歐與朱麗葉》就顯示了這樣的人文精神。羅密歐來自于一個封建家庭,但他與時俱進,反抗來自家人的束縛,并且成為了一個人文主義者。他有一顆博愛的心。他追求自由戀愛和堅定不移的忠誠。同時,朱麗葉雖然只是一個14歲的小姐,但她勇敢聰明。她打破了家人定下的規矩并且愛上了羅密歐。
《西廂記》是元代著名雜劇作家王實甫所著,是非常著名的元雜劇。王實甫長做了很多雜居和散曲。這出戲的情節雖然是老舊的才子愛上佳人的題材,但是他的主題卻是與那個時代的傳統習俗進行斗爭,支持年輕人的婚姻自由。
本文對兩部著作中的配角奶媽和紅娘進行人物形象分析,探究其中的相似點和不同點。
本文共分為四個部分:
第一部分主、要介紹兩位作家的背景及作品,關于《羅密歐與朱麗葉》與《西廂記》的國內外文獻綜述,以及論文的主旨。
第二部分分析了兩部作品的社會背景,解釋兩部作品的相似點和不同點。
第三部分對比分析了兩部作品中奶媽和紅娘,從而找出其相似點和不同點。
第四部分總結了本論文的主題,進一步闡述兩位人物的對比分析。

關鍵詞:《羅密歐與朱麗葉》;《西廂記》;對比研究;機智;嘮叨;忠誠;勢利
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