佩克拉和克勞蒂亞對于白人文化的不同態度—解讀托尼?莫里森《最藍的眼睛》_英語文學論文
文檔分類: 語言文學 文檔上傳會員:wuwei0826 上傳時間:2017-11-27
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摘要
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黑人女性作家托尼?莫里森是公認的美國當代最重要的黑人小說家之一。《最藍的眼睛》是托尼?莫里森的第一部小說,發表于1970年。作品描寫了白人文化意識、價值觀念對黑人社區,黑人生活產生的負面影響,同時也探討了美國黑人抵抗白人文化沖擊、保留住黑人文化的途徑。
本文從人物的角度解讀這部小說,以黑人少女佩克拉的精神崩潰和另一黑人女孩克勞蒂亞的幸存為對比,來分析探討兩者對于白人文化的不同態度,在白人文化沖擊下的不同黑人生活以及由此產生的不同的結果。
文章主要從家庭,黑人社區對個人的影響及個人自身努力這一角度來分析在美國白人文化主導的審美標準沖擊下,佩克拉喪失了身份與自我而克勞蒂亞保持了身份與自我的原因。來探討白人文化對于美國黑人的影響,以及黑人群體在白人文化的重壓下,如何才能尋找到自身最好的出路。

關鍵詞:最藍的眼睛,白人文化,態度,身份

ABSTRACT

As a black female writer, Toni Morrison is recognized as one of the most important American novelists. The bluest eye is Toni Morrison’s first novel, published in 1970. The novel exposes the negative impact of the white culture on the black people, and discusses the possible ways to resist the impact of the white culture on the black people.
In contrast of one black girl Pecola’s spiritual collapse and the other girl Claudia’s survival, this paper analyses two girls’ different attitudes toward white culture, their different life in the dominant white culture, and the different results. By contrasting the reasons for Pecola’s losing beauty and herself with Claudia’s gaining beauty and herself, in the face of white standard of beauty from the perspective of their respective families, their community, themselves, this paper is in an attempt to demonstrate that American black can find the way to survival.

Key words: The Bluest Eye, white culture, attitude, identity

1? Introduction
1.1 Toni Morrison’s Works
As a black female writer, Toni Morrison is recognized as one of the most important American novelists. Since 1970, Toni Morrison published eight novels, include The Bluest Eye(1970), Sula(1973), Song of Solomon(1977), TarBaby(1981), Beloved(1987), Jazz(1922), Paradise(1998), and Love(2003). “Toni Morrison understands her works more fundamentally as part of a black cultural tradition and works to create a distinctively black literature. Her prose is infected with black musical traditions.”
Morrison always selects the writing materials from the African American’s history and realistic life. All of the novels of Toni Morrison express the same topic,the search for self and place within the community.
Based on the works,Morrison has won many literary awards such as “the National Book Award, the National Book Critics Circle Award, the Pulitzer Prize, and the Nobel Prize for literature in 1993. She is an international celebrity.”
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