從生態女性主義的角度分析霍桑的《紅字》_英語文學論文
文檔分類: 語言文學 文檔上傳會員:Daphne 上傳時間:2017-11-27
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Abstract

    Published in 1850, The Scarlet Letter is considered Nathaniel Hawthrone’s most famous novel and the masterpiece of American romanticism. Hawthrone’s humane care, the spiritual and religious faith are reflected in the novel.
The Scarlet letter tells the story of a tragic figure, Hester Prynne, who suffers at the Puritan society in which she lives. This thesis will be dedicated to analyzing the main characters from the perspective of eco-feminism, which is a new literary critical technique in the 1980s.
    This thesis will explore the eco-feminist thought reflected in the novel from two aspects. Firstly, it will analyze the relationship between Hester Prynne and nature. Second, the relationship between Hester Prynne and male will be studied. Last, it will analyze the reasons for Hester’s tragic fate, which includes moral situation, Hester’s characteristics and the social environment.
From the above study, it can be concluded that Hawthorne’s novel has reflected the thoughts of eco-feminism. Women’s difficulties can only be solved by establishing a harmonious relationship between people and nature and equal coexistence between men and women.

Key Words: Hester Prynne  nature  patriarchy  eco-feminism

摘 要

1850年出版的《紅字》是美國作家霍桑最著名的小說,同時也是美國杰出的浪漫主義作品。在紅字中折現出作者的人文主義關懷、精神思想和宗教信仰等。
《紅字》講述了一個遭受清教社會迫害的悲劇性人物海絲特.白蘭的故事。文章將從生態女性主義的角度分析小說中的主要人物.
本文圍繞著三個方面來探索生態女性主義在紅字中的體現。著眼于描寫海絲特.白蘭同自然和男人之間的關系以及她悲劇命運的成因的分析。例如,道德,性格以及時代社會因素等。
本文運用生態女性主義的思想來分析霍桑的《紅字》, 并倡導建立一個人與自然,男性與女性和諧共處的理想世界。

關鍵詞:海絲特.白蘭 自然 父權制 生態女性主義

1 Introduction

Nowadays, the disharmony between man and nature and the inequality between male and female can still be seen. Hawthorne presents such a phenomenon in his novel, The Scarlet Letter, which describes the relationship between man and nature, male and female in New England at that time. In this part, significance of the study and organization of the thesis will be presented.

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