杰克?倫敦作品中狗和狼的形象分析
文檔分類: 語言文學 文檔上傳會員:枕上醉夢 上傳時間:2017-11-27
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摘  要

杰克?倫敦是美國最偉大的現實主義作家之一。同時他也是一位多產的作家。由于其深厚的文學功底,他的作品深受廣大讀者的歡迎,尤其是一些著名的作品例如《生火》和《馬丁依登》更是早已被前人熟識,因此后人要想從這些作品中研究得出新的結論將非常的困難。但眾所周知杰克?倫敦非常擅長將動物作為主角來進行小說創作,其中狗和狼的形象極具代表性,而這兩個形象的最佳代表又非《荒野的呼喚》和《白牙》的主角布克和白牙莫屬。由于多數學者在研究時都是只選擇其中一個形象來進行分析,所以為了得出更為新穎的結論,本文特意將狗和狼這兩個形象放在一起通過對這兩部作品進行分析和對比,從而得出其二者形象所蘊含的深層意義以及之間的關聯。

關鍵詞:杰克?倫敦; 狗和狼的形象;分析和對比

Abstract

Jack London was one of the greatest realism writers in America. At the same time, he was also a prolific writer. Because of his profound literary skills, his works were popular among the readers, especially some excellent works such as To Build a Fire and Martin Eden. These works have already been done deep researches by the previous scholars, so it will be very different for posterity to get new conclusions from them. However as is well-known, Jack London is the writer who was good at integrating the images of animals into his works. Dog and wolf are two remarkable kinds of these animals. Among these works which are about animals, The Call of the Wild and White Fang are the typical works. The characters of the both works are the dog Buck and the wolf White Fang. It can be said that Buck and White Fang are the representatives of the images of dog and wolf in Jack London's works. Although nowadays there are quite a lot of scholars have done researches on Jack London's works. But the number of scholars who studied the images of animals in Jack London's works is still small, especially the scholars who studied the images of dog and wolf. Most of scholars took one images of both when they were studying. So at this time this paper will find out the deeper significance of the dog and wolf in Jack London's works. As the representatives of the two animals, the characters Buck and White Fang in The Call of the Wild and White Fang will be analysed and compared in detail in this paper.

Key words: Jack London; images of the dog and wolf; analysis and contrast

1 Introduction
Jack London (formerly John Griffith Chaney, January 12, 1876 – November 22, 1916) was one of the greatest realism writers in America. He also was a journalist and social activist. In 1876, Jack London was born in a very poor family which was at the bottom of social class in San Francisco. The poverty-stricken life and unhappy childhood made Jack London have more different perception of life and society than others. He had done many jobs such as newspaper boy, sailor and so on. All these special experiences had become the precious material in his works later. His works were full of his thoughts, wishes and criticism to the capitalist society and had the specific social significance. In his life, he had created quite a lot of works, including 152 short stories and articles, 19 complete novels, 3 plays and 8 autobiographical and sociological books.

 

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