英語新聞標題的語言特征——以《中國日報》為例_商務英語論文
文檔分類: 商務英語 文檔上傳會員:Luminous 上傳時間:2017-11-27
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Abstract:

As the eyes and guide of English news, English news headlines possess unique linguistic features and forms of expression. In this paper, the author will take China Daily in November and December 2014 as an example to study linguistic features of English news headlines from aspects of grammar, vocabulary, punctuation, voice and tense. The study shows that English news headlines attract readers’ attention with terseness, preciseness, interest and fashion. An unique grammar system called “headlines” by journalists has played an important role in it. Limited by the space of newspapers and time, English news headlines sometimes open a new path. The usage of vocabulary is varied even extended without following the grammar, in order that more information can be transmitted. Studying English news headlines from aspects of grammar and linguistic features and then concluding a set of unwritten grammar is useful to readers, editors and linguists.
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Key words: English news headlines; linguistic features; China Daily

摘要:

作為英語新聞的眼睛和導向,英語新聞標題有著獨特的語言特征和表現形式。本文以《中國日報》為例,從語法、詞匯、標點、語態和時態幾個方面探討英語新聞標題的語言特征,研究材料選自2014年11月和12月的《中國日報》。研究結果發現,英文新聞標題以其獨特的簡約性、準確性、趣味性和時尚性吸引著讀者的眼球,這其中有著一套獨特的語法體系,新聞學者稱之為“標題語言”。受時間和空間的限制,英語新聞標題有時候會另辟蹊徑,表現為詞匯功能用法多樣甚至拓展延伸,沒有完全合乎語法規則,以傳達盡可能多的信息。從英語新聞標題的語法角度和語言特色角度研究分析,概括出一套適用于英語新聞標題的不成文的語法規則,對讀者、新聞編輯者、語言學家都有一定作用。

關鍵詞:英語新聞標題;語言特征;中國日報

Introduction
Since the birth of Venice Gazzetta in the 16th century, the western modern newspapers has survived for four or five hundred years. At first, the style of newspapers is similar to books. The vertical layout and the horizontal type layout appears in different times one after the other. The development of newspapers is still in an initial stage on the whole. In the 20th century especially when it comes to the 1960s, journalists begin to pay much attention to the layout of newspapers. Furthermore, readers are put in a more important position, which makes English news follow certain rules gradually.
China Daily, as Chinese national English daily, is established in 1981. It is issued more than ninety thousand around the world and more than sixty thousand overseas. As an important window with which China and the whole world know each other , China Daily is a preferred English media in China for people around the world, is the only Chinese newspaper that enter into the international mainstream society and is the media which undertakes the most periodicals of international conferences. China Daily is a typical one in English newspapers and has certain research value.
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