中西方葬禮文化的對比_商務英語論文
文檔分類: 商務英語 文檔上傳會員:HotStuff 上傳時間:2017-11-27
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摘要

在全球化的世界大趨勢下,各個國家之間的交流也隨之日益頻繁。在這種背景下,跨文化交際就成為了一項重要的研究課題。了解中西雙方不同的文化背景,對于未來跨文化的交流具有極其深遠的意義。除語言、運動、音樂等人們經常探討的文化外,葬禮文化也是雙方生活中都不可忽視的一個文化方面。無論在任何一種文化背景下,人的生與死都是一個嚴肅而富有哲理的話題,不可不加以研究討論。而每一種葬禮文化的形成,都包含了獨特的歷史因素,經過長期的發展和演變,最終以習俗的形式表現出來。
本文意在討論中西方兩種文化背景下不同的葬禮文化,分析和綜合現有文獻并加以補充。論文首先討論了中西方葬禮文化的相異之處,然后找出這些差異背后的宗教因素,最后對中西雙方葬禮文化的發展趨勢進行了探討。
本文對目前現有的葬禮文化的相關文獻進行了必要的整理和補充,為跨文化交際的順利進行提供參考依據。

關鍵詞:跨文化交際,葬禮文化,葬禮習俗,基督教,儒家?

Abstract

Under the circumstances of globalization, the communication between different countries and regions is becoming more frequent than ever before. As a consequence, cross-cultural communication has been viewed as a significant research subject. One of the most essential premises of cross-cultural communication is to understand the differences between each part of the world. Apart from the cultural elements that people usually come across with such as language spoken, sports and the music, funeral culture is also an indispensable branch of culture. In whatever social cultures, death of human beings is for all time a solemn and philosophical topic that people would never neglect. The funeral culture of a society is always formed under the influence of its historical factors, and finally presents as specific rituals and beliefs after a rather long period of development and evolvement.
By analyzing and synthesizing the existing literature of the related researches, this thesis discusses the two distinct funeral cultures in most part of China except the ethic sections and in Western countries. First section of the thesis deals with listing of the main differences between Chinese funeral culture and western funeral culture. Second section is based on the analysis of religious factors of the differences. The trend of development of the funeral culture in both branches is discussed in the third section of the thesis. Finally I have concluded my research work in the fourth section of the thesis.
This thesis is completed by the necessary analysis and supplement of some related materials. It provides some reference for cross-cultural communication and brings convenience to the conventional events of people living in a foreign cultural background.

Key words: cross-cultural communication, funeral culture, funeral rites, Christianity, Confucianism

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