文化演變引起的英語詞匯擴展_商務英語論文
文檔分類: 商務英語 文檔上傳會員:Redundant 上傳時間:2017-11-27
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Abstract:
This paper studies English vocabulary expansion brought about by cultural evolution in recent decades. Language and culture have close ties. The relationship and interaction between language and culture are very complicated. Culture is an integral part of language. Vocabulary is the basic element of language. Culture exerts great impact on word meanings. Lexical meanings change with the development of culture. The English vocabulary constantly renews itself by borrowing, coining, and combining words to meet the needs of new cultural and social developments. Cultural development results from social changes. Social changes—whether economic or political, progress in science and technology, youth culture, popular music and dance, environmental movement and so on all help to produce new words to express new ideas.

Key words: culture; cultural evolution; vocabulary expansion; social changes; lexical meaning

摘要:
本文研究近幾十年中文化演變引起的英語詞匯擴展。語言和文化關系密切,語言和文化的相互作用十分復雜。文化是語言固有的一部分;而詞匯是語言的基本成分。文化對詞義具有巨大影響,詞義隨著文化的發展而變化。英語詞匯通過借詞、造新詞、復合新詞等方式不斷地更新,以滿足新的文化和社會發展需要。文化發展是社會變化的產物。社會變化——無論是經濟的還是政治的、科技進步、青年文化、流行音樂和舞蹈、環保運動等,都促進了新詞的產生,以表達新的觀念。

關鍵詞:文化;文化演變;詞匯擴展;社會變化;詞義

1. Introduction
A language possesses three essential elements: the phonetic system, vocabulary and the grammatical structure, of which vocabulary is the base that supports the huge system of language. No one will deny that a very important part of learning a language is to master its vocabulary; in other words, the most obvious aspect of foreign language learning is the learning of new words for familiar matters, the acquisition of a parallel vocabulary. It is commonly accepted that language is a part of culture and plays a very important role in it. Some sociologists consider language as the keystone of culture. Without language, culture could hardly develop. On the other hand, language is influenced and shaped by culture; it reflects culture. In a broad sense, language is the symbolic representation of a people, and it comprises their historical and cultural backgrounds as well as their ways of life and thinking.
Vocabulary is most sensitive to cultural influences and features, so it is an essential area for transmitting cultural knowledge. The meanings of new words and expressions tend to reflect the changes in various aspects of culture. This paper will study the expansion of English vocabulary brought about by the development of culture.

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