英語教師面子保全策略在課堂教學中的應用_英語教學論文
文檔分類: 教學論文 文檔上傳會員:AugusBird 上傳時間:2017-11-27
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Abstract

The satisfaction of needs for face is a common pursuit for all people. English majors, because of the characteristics of the subject, are often required to practice with high frequency their language skills in the classroom, which is a public place holding the rest of their classmates. Consequently, English majors’ request for the satisfaction of face is much stronger. This paper, based on Brown & Levinson’s face theory, introduces how teachers of English majors, have been consciously and unconsciously adopting face-saving strategies in their classroom instructions so as to save students’ positive and negative face. This can help to inspire students’ enthusiasm in learning English and achieve the best teaching effects.

Key words: face-saving theories, positive face, negative face, teachers of English majors, classroom teaching

摘 要

面子需求的滿足是所有人的共同追求。英語專業的學生由于其專業特點,經常被要求在課堂這樣一個公開場合中高頻率地訓練自身的英語語言各項技能,因而對面子的需求更加強烈。本文依據布朗和列文森的面子理論,闡述了在課堂教學中,大學英語專業教師如何通過有意或者無意地使用面子保全策略,極大地保護學生的積極面子和消極面子,激發學生學習英語的熱情,從而達到最好的教學效果。

關鍵詞: 面子保全策略;積極面子;消極面子;英語專業教師;課堂教學

1.    Introduction
Politeness, an important symbol of civilization and development in human history, is also a criterion for all human activities. Being polite is a window through which an individual’s cultivation can be seen. Face is an important aspect of politeness. Face, as a socio-psychological concept, is constantly pursued and cherished by people with different cultural backgrounds. There are several places where face is especially stressed, and class is one of them, especially English classes. It is quite obvious that both the polite expressions and strategies can play crucial roles in building a harmonious relationship between teachers and students, and helping students communicate smoothly with their teachers.
Unlike other courses, the study of English requires a combination of the practice of skills in listening, speaking, reading and writing. English majors usually communicate more with their teachers due to the frequent chances of expressing their own opinions in class. The fact that English majors may sometimes feel nervous in class makes it necessary for their teachers to apply face-saving strategies in classroom teaching. In addition, English majors in China usually stress more on the abilities of writing and reading, and are sometimes nervous and fearful to speak English in public for most of them do not have the adequate confidence about their performance in front of lots of people for fear that they might lose face if they fail to do a good job. This phenomenon causes side effects to their progress during the process of English acquisition. Therefore, with the hope of ensuring the face of their students, establishing a more harmonious atmosphere in the classroom and helping students to overcome the psychological barriers in their studies of the English language, teachers of English majors should bear the responsibility to apply face-saving strategies in their classroom teaching whenever necessary.

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