跨文化交際中中美時間觀的對比分析_英語論文.doc
文檔分類: 英語論文 文檔上傳會員:chillily 上傳時間:2019-12-02
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跨文化交際中中美時間觀的對比分析_英語論文

A Comparative Analysis of Time Concept Between China and America in Cross-Cultural Communication

摘要

作為非語言交際的重要方面,時間信息的傳遞也具有深刻的文化內涵。東西方文化傳統的不同,導致人們的時間觀念存在差異。在跨文化交際中,因時間觀念的差異而造成的交際障礙和失誤經常發生。本文嘗試著對中美時間觀念作討論并做一些比較性的研究,并讓讀者對時間觀念帶來的跨文化交際障礙有大體的了解。討論時間觀念對跨文化交際的影響,有利于更深層次地理解和把握中美文化各自的時間取向,期望能有助于提高人們的交際能力,更好地避免跨文化交際活動中的矛盾與沖突。

關鍵詞:時間觀念;文化沖突;比較;跨文化交際

Abstract

As an important aspect of non-verbal communication, transmission of time has deep cultural connotations. Differences in the tradition of the Eastern countries and the Western countries result in the people’s different time concepts. In cross-cultural communication, communicative barriers or errors occur frequently due to the differences in time concepts. This thesis attempts to discuss and make some comparative studies on time concept between the American and the Chinese, and also gives the readers a general idea of cross-cultural communication barriers. Discussing the influence on cross-culture communication based on the time concept is conducive to deeper understanding and to grasp the Chinese culture and time orientation. It is hoped that it will be helpful to develop people’s communication abilities and avoid contradictions and conflicts in intercultural activities.

Key words: the concept of time; cultural conflicts; comparison; intercultural communication

Contents

1. Introduction 1

2.Literature Review 1

3. The Differences in Chinese and American Time Concept 2

3.1 The line-type time outlook and the round-type time outlook 2

3.2 Mono-chronic time and poly-chronic time 4

3.3 Past-time orientation and future-time orientation 6

4. Conflicts Caused by the Differences of Time Concept 8

4.1 Presentation on time.................................................................................8

4.2 Invitation before visit ..............................................................................8

4.3 Help for old people 9

5. Illumination for Cross-cultural Communication 9

5.1 Understanding the differences and face them bravely 9

5.2 Learning and drawing lessons from others.............................................10

6. Conclusion...............................................................................................12

Works Cited 13


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