積極心理學在小學英語教學中的應用_英語論文.doc
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積極心理學在小學英語教學中的應用_英語論文

The Application of Positive Psychology in Primary English Teaching

摘要

積極心理學是20世紀末興起于美國的一個新的領域,主張把心理學研究重點從“心理問題”轉向“人的積極力量”,用科學的方法調動人類的積極力量,品質,智慧和創造力,促進社會的日益和諧。以此角度出發,小學英語教學是一個不斷發生心理調適的過程,給英語學科教學灌以最前沿的積極心理學理論,嘗試著將此理論很好地運用于實踐,培養學生良好的學習心態,激發學生學習英語的潛力和興趣。本文通過問卷調查法、訪談法及課堂觀察法,對當前小學英語課堂教學中學生英語學習的積極性進行調查,并將調查結果從“學生”“教師”‘師生關系”及“英語學習環境”四個方面進行分析,希望能夠探索出更加有效的小學英語教學。在上述基礎上,本文結合積極心理學的相關理論,初步構建了一個積極的小學英語教學理論系統,一是在英語教學中培養學生積極情感,創設問題情境,避免消極情感的產生;二是增強教師教學熱情,課堂上用行體語言傳遞積極的信號,生活中樹立積極的工作態度;三是構建和諧師生關系,正確的評價學生及接受學生的個性差異;四是營造積極教學環境,構建有益的課內外環境。

關鍵詞:積極心理學;小學;英語教學

Abstract

Positive Psychology is a new area risen in the late 20th century in the United States which suggests to transfer people’s focus from "psychological problems" to "people’s positive energy", using scientific methods to mobilize people’s positive force, quality, intelligence and creativity and increasingly promoting social harmony. In this perspective, primary English teaching is an ongoing process of psychological adjustment.It fills the forefront of positive psychology theory to teaching English,trying to apply this theory to practice and stimulating students' interest and potential in learning English.This paper investigates students’ positivity of learning English in current primary English teaching through the way of questionnaires, interviews and classroom observation and analyzes the results from four aspects, "students", "teachers","teacher-student relationship" and "environment of learning English".We try our effort to infuse positive psychology into primary English teaching, hoping to explore more effective methods of primary English teaching.Based on the above, this paper associating with the theory of positive psychology, initially builds up a positive system of primary English teaching.Firstly, raising students' positive affection in English teaching to create problem situations,which can avoid the generation of negative emotions. The second is to enhance teachers' teaching enthusiasm, passing the class with the body language to express positive signal,which can establish a positive attitude toward life and work . The third one is to build a harmonious relationship between teachers and students.Teacher sshould give proper evaluation to each student and accept individual differences of students . The last is to create a positive learning environment, building relaxing environment of in-out class.

Keywords: Positive psychology; primary school; English teaching

Contents

1.Introduction 1

2.Literature review 2

2.1 Origin of positive psychology 2

2.2 Development of positive psychology 2

2.3 Limitation of positive psychology 3

3.Current situation analysis 4

3.1Primary English teaching situation 4

3.2 The implementation of positive psychology 6

4.Research design 7

4.1 Research objectives 7

4.2 Research subjects 8

4.3 Research methods 8

4.4 Research results 9

5.Data analysis and findings 9

5.1 Data analysis 10

5.2 Summary 14

Work Cited: 16


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