從跨文化角度對比中英餐桌禮儀的差異_英語論文
文檔分類: 英語論文 文檔上傳會員:Luke 上傳時間:2020-03-28
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從跨文化角度對比中英餐桌禮儀的差異_英語論文

The Comparative Study of Chinese and English-speaking Countries’ Table Manners from the Perspective of Cross-culture Communication

摘要

中國是自古以來就是禮儀之邦,餐桌禮儀有著悠久的歷史。事實上,講英語的國家也有特定的用餐習慣。隨著中國改革開放的發展,有更多的外來文明進入我們的視線。因為我們面對不同的國家文化,所以不可避免的會出現文化沖突,這嚴重影響了交往的進程。餐桌禮儀占有舉足輕重的地位,影響溝通的中國和說英語的國家。通過知曉正確的禮儀不僅會提高我們自己的形象的需求,還能夠提升我們的競爭力和效益。本文首先闡述了中西方餐桌禮儀的起源,以及它們交流和融合的現象;然后從座次禮儀、用餐工具、上菜順序等方面分析了中西方餐桌禮儀的不同之處;接著分析了他們產生差異的內在原因;最后總結出我們要互相尊重彼此的文化,做到求同存異。

關鍵詞:中國;英語國家;餐桌禮儀;差異

Abstract

China is a country of etiquette, with abundant table manners. In fact, English-speaking countries hold particular dining customs. With the development of China’s opening-up, there are more exotic civilizations  into our sight. Upon confronting various national cultures, many ineluctable culture conflicts would occur when we communicate with each other which severely influence the contracts being implemented smoothly. Table etiquette plays an important role, which impacts on the process of communication between China and English-speaking nations. By knowing correct manners won’t just promote our own images and it also can benefit our competitive power and achievements. This article first depicts the beginning of Chinese and English-speaking countries’ dinning manners. Secondly, it analyses the distinction between Chinese and English-speaking countries’ table etiquette based on the seating etiquette, dinnerware, serving order etc. After that, the article analyses the internal causes of the differences. Finally, it brings forth a conclusion that each country ought to esteem both parties as well as seek agreements while shelving differences.

Keywords: China;English-speaking countries;table manners

Contents

1. Introduction 1

2. Literal Review 1

3. The Origins of Table Manners and the Fusion of them between China and English-speaking Countries 2

3.1 The origin of the Chinese table manners 2

3.2 The origin of English-speaking Countries’ table manners 3

3.3 Table manners of communication and fusion between China and English-speaking Countries 4

4. Different Table Manners between China and English-speaking Countries 5

4.1 Differences in table setting 5

4.2 Different in dinnerware 5

4.3 Differences in order of serving 7

4.4 Differences in the host's presentation 8

5. Internal Reasons of the different Table Manners between China and English-speaking Countries 9

5.1 Cultural connotations 9

5.2 Ways of thinking 10

5.3 Values 10

6. Conclusion 12

Works Cited 13


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