《道林·格雷的畫像》中唯美主義與道德的沖突_英語論文
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《道林·格雷的畫像》中唯美主義與道德的沖突_英語論文

The Conflict between Aestheticism and Morality in The Picture of Dorian Gray

摘要

奧斯卡·王爾德是一位偉大且優秀的戲劇家,散文家,詩人和小說家。盡管一生短暫悲慘,但他在文學領域還是全身心地投入對于美的追求中。王爾德作品涉及眾多領域:著名的戲劇《莎樂美》,《溫德米爾夫人的扇子》;兩本童話集《快樂王子及其它故事》和《石榴之家》;詩歌《斯芬克斯》,《瑞丁監獄之歌》等和其唯一一部小說《道林·格雷的畫像》。奧斯卡·王爾德是維多利亞時代唯美主義運動的先鋒以及“為藝術而藝術”運動的擁護者。同時也是英國文學史上最具有爭議的人物之一。《道林·格雷的畫像》是唯美主義理論的代表作品,但同時該小說也被控訴為“不道德”因為其充滿罪惡的情節與享樂主義思想。王爾德推崇“藝術至上”和“生活模仿藝術”的唯美主義觀點。他堅稱藝術應當獨立于現實之外,并且認為生活和自然模仿藝術而不是藝術模仿生活。在他的理念中,藝術與道德無關,藝術不應受到道德的束縛和政治的影響。自相矛盾的是,從小說中畫像的變化以及他對罪惡的控告卻顯示出他對傳統道德觀念的尊崇。

關鍵詞:王爾德;唯美主義;道德;沖突;《道林·格雷的畫像》

Abstract

Oscar Wilde is an outstanding playwright, essayist, poet and novelist. Though he spent a terrible and miserable short life, he still put his heart and soul into the pursuit of the art beauty. His works cover a wide range: Salomé and Lady Windermere’s Fan are among his most famous dramas, two collections of fairy tales are The Happy Prince and Other Tales and A House of Pomegranates and poems like Sphinx and The Ballad of Reading Gaol. Among them, there is only one novel called The Picture of Dorian Gray. Oscar Wilde is the pioneer linked to aestheticism movement in Victorian era and the strong supporter of “art for art’s sake”. At the same time, he is also one of the most complicated characters in the history of English literature. The representation of aestheticism is depicted in The Picture of Dorian Gray. This novel, nevertheless, is accused of being “immoral” for its plots of evil and hedonism. Wilde promotes the aesthetic ideas of “The Supremacy of Art” and “Life Imitates Art”. He insists that art should be independent from reality and considers that life and nature imitate art instead of art imitates life. In his apprehension, art has nothing to do with morality, and also art should be free from the bondage of morality and political influence. Paradoxically, Wilde displays his adoration and worship to conventional morality by changes of the picture and his accusations against crimes in this novel. 

Key Words: Wilde; aestheticism; morality; conflict; The Picture of Dorian Gray 

Contents

1 Introduction..1

1.1 Oscar Wilde’s Personal Life.1

1.2 A Brief Introduction to The Picture of Dorian Gray...1

2 Literature Review and Purpose of the Research..3

3 Aestheticism and Wilde’s Aesthetic Views..5

3.1 The Background of Aestheticism..5

3.2 Wilde’s Aesthetic Views...6

4 Paradoxical Relations between Aestheticism and Morality.7

4.1 Relations between Art and Reality7

4.2 Relations between Art and Morality.8

Conclusion.10

References11

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