政治演講中的模糊語探析_英語論文
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政治演講中的模糊語探析_英語論文

On Fuzzy Language in Political Speeches

摘要

語言是心理活動的外部表征,是人們互相之間溝通的重要工具,但是模糊性在語言中的表現并不少見。一些人曾對模糊語進行過研究,而本文將對政治演講中的模糊語進行深入的探析。本文先是敘述了模糊語的定義、分類和特征,然后敘述了政治演講的定義和特點,接著敘述了在政治演講中使用的一些模糊技巧,最后討論了模糊語在政治演講中的作用。本文將模糊語同政治演講相聯系,使用了大量搜集而來的中外名人的政治演講來詳細例證、分析模糊語在政治演講中的功能與運用。經過一系列的研究,本文得出的結論是:模糊語在政治演講中有使演講整體更友好、為演講創造一個和諧的氛圍,幫助演講者贏得聽眾的認可的作用。

關鍵詞:模糊語;特點; 政治演講; 功能

Abstract

Language is an external manifestation of mental activities and an important tool of communication, but the phenomenon of fuzziness in language is quite common. Some individuals have carried out studies of fuzzy language, but this paper will make deep analysis of fuzzy language in political speeches. In this paper, the definition, formation and categories of fuzzy language are described. Then the definition and features of political speech are given. Next some fuzzy strategies in political speeches are discussed. Finally, the functions of fuzzy language in political speeches are provided. This paper associates fuzzy language with political speeches, and analyzes its functions and uses via massive examples including both Chinese and foreign leaders’ political speeches which are collected carefully from tremendous materials. After a series of research, we can safely reach a conclusion that fuzzy language in political speeches can present politeness and generate a harmonious atmosphere as well as help speakers win cognition from the audience.

Keywords: fuzzy language; feature; political speech; function 

Contents

1. Introduction1

2. Fuzzy Language.1

2.1 Definition of Fuzzy Language.1

2.2 Formation of Fuzzy Language.1

2.3 Categories of Fuzzy Language.2

3. Political Speech3

3.1 Definition of Political Speech3

3.2 Features of Political Speech.3

4. Fuzzy Strategies in Political Speeches.4

4.1Using Negative Structures.4

4.2Answering the Question Indirectly5

4.3Using the Ambiguous5

5. Functions of Fuzzy Language in Political Speeches6

5.1Embodying Politeness.6

5.2Creating a Harmonious Atmosphere.7

5.3Receiving Recognition7

Conclusion9 

Bibliography.11 


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