英語動物隱喻在政治社論中的語用分析-以《經濟學人》為例_英語論文
文檔分類: 英語論文 文檔上傳會員:Noella 上傳時間:2020-03-03
文檔價格: 1000金幣立即充值 包含內容: 完整論文 文章下載流程
文章字數: 6723 字 (由Word統計) 文章格式: Doc.docx (Word) 本站文章可以通過查重嗎?
文章簡介: 加入收藏

英語動物隱喻在政治社論中的語用分析-以《經濟學人》為例_英語論文

Pragmatic Analysis Of Animal Metaphors In Political Editorials:A Case Study Of Political Discourse In The Economist

摘要

社論在新聞文章中占據著重要地位,往往反映出新聞媒體的立場和思考深度。社論較多以政治評論形式出現,而動物隱喻作為常見的政治隱喻也在政治社論中出現。在西方的政治社論中,這些動物隱喻不僅反映著西方獨特的政治生態,也在社論中發揮著重要的語用功能。在不同的語境下,動物隱喻也有著不同的隱含意義。

英語是世界上使用最廣泛的語言。英語新聞媒體,尤其是英美發達國家的英語新聞媒體對世界新聞媒體的影響越來越大,在塑造世界公共輿論方面發揮著極其重要的作用。《經濟學人》作為西方政治經濟類的領袖雜志,長期是西方政治精英的喉舌,在西方政治輿論影響極大。本文選取了2015年到2016年《經濟學人》的政治社論文章,對其中使用到動物隱喻的124篇進行數據統計和文本分析,旨在發現動物隱喻在西方政治社論使用特點,基于關聯理論和合作理論得出了動物隱喻的三個語用功能——明示刺激功能,合作功能和暗示功能。

關鍵詞:動物隱喻;語用功能;政治社論

Abstract

The editorial occupies an important position in the news articles. It usually reflects the standpoint and thinking depth of the media. The editorial focuses more on political events and animal metaphors as common political metaphors often appear in political editorials. In the western political editorials, the animal metaphors not only reflect the unique political ecology of west countries, but also give rise to significant pragmatic functions in the editorial publication. Also, animal metaphors have different connotations in different contexts. 

English is the most widely used language in the world. English news media, especially those in developed countries make more and more profound impact on the world and play a great role in shaping the world public opinion. As a leading political and economic magazine, The Economist is the mouthpiece of the western political elite for a long time. The paper selects political editorials in The Economist of 2015 and 2016 and then does a statistical survey and makes a statistic and textual analysis of animal metaphors in 124 political editorials. The paper aims to find out the characteristics of animal metaphors in the western political editorials. Based on Relevance Theory and Cooperative Principle,the author figures out three pragmatic functions of the animal metaphor : ostensive stimulus function, cooperative function and implicating function. 

Key words:animal metaphor;pragmatic function;political editorial

Contents

Acknowledgments i

Abstract(Chinese) ii

Abstract(English) iii

Contents I

Introduction 1

Chapter I Literature Review 3

1.1. Previous Studies on Animal Metaphor 3

1.2. Previous Studies on Political Discourse 4

Chapter II Theoretical Framework 5

2.1. Cooperative Principles 5

2.2. Relevance Theory-Metaphor in Context 6

Chapter III Characteristics of Animal Metaphors in Political Editorials 8

3.1. An overview of the Editorial and the Animal Metaphor 8

3.1.1 The Editorial as a Genre 8

3.1.2 Metaphor and Animal Metaphor 9

3.2. An Analysis of Characteristics of Animal Metaphors in Samples 10

3.2.1 Close Relationship with Human being 11

3.2.2 Preference of Derogatory Senses 12

Chapter IV Pragmatic Functions of Animal Metaphors in Political Editorials 16

4.1. Ostensive Stimulus Function 16

4.2. Cooperative Function 17

4.3. Implicating Function 18

Conclusion 20

Bibliography 21


上一篇:異化歸化理論下《蛙》中的譯者主體性體現_英語論文
下一篇:英語縮略語的應用與傳播分析_英語論文
相關文章推薦: TAG: 語用分析 動物隱喻 政治社論
tlcbet