《接骨師之女》中的家庭觀分析_英語論文
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《接骨師之女》中的家庭觀分析_英語論文

An Analysis of Family Values in The Bonesetter’s Daughter

摘要

《接骨師之女》自問世之時就受到了文學界和讀者的關注和好評。和喜福會一樣,該書的主題仍然是母女親情。但是不同于喜福會,接骨師之女將全部筆墨集中于一個家庭中的母女三代,將三代人的情感誤解與母女深情娓娓道來。縱觀全文,沖突始終都作為一條主線牽引情節的發展,而家庭觀則是沖突的深層原因。文章主人公所呈現出的家庭價值觀的豐富性和復雜性,也正是本文的研究價值所在。

本文試圖以該篇小說中蘊含的家庭觀為切入點, 以一個傳統中國家庭和一個西方家庭為例,探討其中所存在的種種家庭倫理現象,包括親子關系,母女關系,婚姻關系等等,以此探索當今日益多元化的社會不同的家庭觀應如何共存的問題。 

首先,本文分析了小說三代女性身上體現的家庭觀的傳承和變革。小說中的三代女性,寶姨、如靈和如意,他們所代表的家庭觀,既受到上一代的影響,也有其獨特的時代烙印。無一例外,在家庭的親子關系中,他們嚴苛而又無私的愛著孩子,同時又時刻牢記孝道,這是家庭觀的傳承。但是,在婚姻關系中,三代人分別又有著截然不同的價值追求,體現了家庭觀在不同文化背景下的嬗變。

其次,本文具體分析小說中以露絲為代表的東方家庭和以亞特為代表的西方家庭觀存在的明顯差異。東西方的家庭觀差異主要體現在他們在對待子女、婚姻、和父母的不同態度上。小說中的第三代女性,如意在與亞特組成的“跨國婚姻”中,她的許多做法和觀念都體現了傳統家庭觀的烙印。比如永遠以家人為先,主動承擔贍養老人的責任,追求婚姻的保證。但是亞特則代表了截然不同的西方價值觀。即使是家人,他也認為每個家庭成員的權利都要得到平等的保證,不希望受婚姻的束縛,在得知如靈的老年癡呆癥,也僅認為這是如意的事情,自己并不需要承擔贍養責任。

最后,本文分析造成家庭觀殊途的主要原因是文化背景的差異,而家庭教育則是家庭觀得以傳承的淵源。儒家推崇的“孝悌”思想對中國傳統家庭觀產生了深遠的影響,小說三代女性一脈相承的孝道觀和親子觀是最好的印證。然而在西方,截然不同的文化背景造就了截然不同的家庭觀,這也解釋了為何亞特會在家庭成員的利益分配上尋求絕對公平。世界全球化的進程為不同文化背景的人們創造了交流溝通的機會,跨國婚姻和國際移民屢見不鮮。不同文化背景造就的家庭沖突只會只增不減,本文最后提出相互理解是解決各種家庭沖突的有效途徑。

關鍵詞:接骨師之女;家庭觀 ;譚恩美;家庭矛盾

Abstract 

Since the publication, the novel, The Bonesetter’s Daughter, has received widespread attention as well as acclaim, which deals explicitly with mother-daughter relationships as her previous masterpiece, The Joy Luck Club. However, unlike The Joy Luck Club, Amy Tan unfolds the story throughout emotional experiences of the three women generations belonging to one typical family. Overall, the family conflict is performing as a plot device in the novel, which mainly resulted from family values indeed. The complexity and diversity of family values in Tan’s novel are exactly the value of this thesis.

Based on various family values embodied in the novel, the thesis take a traditional Chinese family and a western family as an example to analyze family relationships including parents-offspring relationship, mother-daughter relationship, marital relationship, so as to answer the question about how to bring diversified family values into coexistence in a multicultural society.

First, the thesis analyzes the continuity and transformation of Chinese family values held by the three women. The family values represented by the three women generations, the precious aunt, LuLing and Ruth, are mutual products shaped by family members and the time. In parents-offspring relationships, there is no exception that they have dedicated all of their love to their children, harsh but selfless, with finial piety in mind, which shows the continuity of family values. However, they have different views of marriage, demonstrating the transformation of family values.

Second, the thesis compares the family value in a western and a Chinese family respectively, which lies in their attitudes towards parents-offspring relationship, marriage and finial piety. Ruth is the third generation in the novel who has been so profoundly affected by Chinese family value that a majority of her daily behavior and thoughts have been deeply formatted by Chinese family value. For example, she gives priority to other family members, shouldering the responsibility of taking care of the old and chasing for a registered marriage. In contrast, Art is a spokesman for the western family value, who believes that the right of each family member should be equality guaranteed and expects a love relation without bondage. When LuLing is diagnosed with dementia, he doesn’t consider it as something that he should take care of.

Last, the thesis concludes that different cultural backgrounds are the major cause of distinctive family values, while the family education leads to the continuity of family values. China has been deeply influenced by Confucianism. In the west, different cultural backgrounds result in different family values, which accounts for Art’s pursuit of absolute fairness. The globalization has created numerous opportunities for people from different culture backgrounds to communicate with each other. Cases of transnational marriage and immigration have been more and more common and the family conflicts will only keep increasing, so the thesis offers a key to family reconciliation-- mutual understanding. 

Key words: The Bonesetter’s Daughter; family value; Amy Tan; family conflict

Contents

1. Introduction 1

1.1 A Brief Introduction to the Novel 1

1.2 Literature Review 1

1.3 Significance of the Study 4

2. The Continuity and Transformation of Chinese Family Values Held by the Three Women 5

2.1 Major Parts of Chinese Family Values that Remain Unchanged 5

2.1.1 Family Responsibility Invariably Existing in Three Generations 5

2.1.2 Finial Consciousness Invariably Existing in Three Generations 6

2.2 Views of Marriage Taking Different Shapes in Three Generations 7

2.2.1 Precious Aunt’s View of Marriage—Departed from the Traditional Practice 7

2.2.2 Luling’s View of Marriage ---Fettered by Backward Social Values and Unrest 7

1.2.3Ruth’s View of Marriage—Extreme Pursuit for Love and Freedom 8

3. The Conflicts between Western and Eastern Family Values 9

3.1 Different Views of Parents-offspring Relationship 9

3.1.1 The Equality in Views of Western Parents-offspring Relationship 9

3.1.2 The Patriarchy in Chinese Views of Parents-Offspring Relationship 9

3.2 Different Views of Marriage 10

3.2.1 The Spirit of Freedom in Western Views of Marriage 10

3.2.2 Responsibility and Material Condition in Chinese Views of Marriage 10

3.3 Different Views of Finial Piety 11

3.3.1 Imprint of Finial Piety in Chinese Family Value 11

3.3.2 Invisible Trace of Finial Piety in Western Family Value 12

4.  Major Causes and Key to Rapport of Distinctive Family Values 13

4.1 Cultural Backgrounds 13

4.2 Family Education 13

4.3 Mutual Understanding 14

5.Conclusion 17

Reference 18



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